Opportunity and equity
Promoting an informed and equitable society, expanding individual opportunity, and advancing social justice
A skilled workforce is key to economic prosperity. But not every worker in America has the opportunity to rise to his or her full career potential. Opportunity inequality persists in employment, education, and health care. It erects barriers to personal growth and squanders priceless human capital.
WSU’s role in the solution
WSU researchers investigate causes and consequences of inequality of opportunity. They reveal new paths for expanding prospects for individuals. They find new ways to promote social justice.
Working across disciplines, scholars examine inequities in many arenas: media and politics, health care, access to communication technology, and the fragmented political landscape. In education, WSU faculty members explore reasons why science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) disciplines attract a disproportionately small number of women and people from historically underrepresented groups.
Within this Grand Challenge, scholars address several research themes, touching on issues like these:
- Inequality of opportunity: Causes and consequences
- Promoting equity
- Policy evaluation and advancement
- Improving education
Inequality of opportunity: Causes and consequences
- Causes and consequences of injustice and inequality
- Understanding history and its relevance to contemporary society
- Social and cultural context of science and technology
- Media’s influence in shaping societal and political discourse
- Cultural studies in education
Why people act for the common good
Professor identifies traits that underlie human cooperation
Social interactions depend on fairness and equity, but much of the world works because people are willing to give time, money, or other support for little or nothing in return. Citizens approve bond issues for schools and playgrounds they’ll never use. They donate to radio stations they don’t listen to and people they’ll never meet. They volunteer to fight and die in wars.
In the WSU Department of Psychology, Professor Craig Parks has deciphered the social and psychological calculus behind caring and cooperation, distilling some common traits among public goods that succeed while others fail. He and … » More …Read Story
- Understanding gender, race, and culture through artistic expression and critical inquiry
- Understanding diversity from genetic through cultural levels of analysis
- Injustice and inequality
- Distribution of resources
- Educational access
Police training in a new light
WSU seeks better ways to handle tense encounters
The call came into 9-1-1 from a Spokane YMCA last October: A middle-aged man was threatening to break the kneecaps of an eight-year-old, because he said the boy could “ruin my NBA career.”
Corporal Jordan Ferguson of the Spokane Police Department responded, fully aware of the suspect’s antagonistic and unpredictable behavior. Ferguson’s body camera footage shows what happened next.
In the lobby of the YMCA, an employee first describes the man’s erratic statements. Ferguson tracks the man to the gym, who then walks away yelling. Rather than restraining the man immediately, Ferguson asks him questions and listens … » More …Read Story
Youth employment challenges reflect and widen the gap between rich and poor
Recession dims employment prospects most severely for disadvantaged youth
The path from adolescence to professional success has become more challenging, especially for disadvantaged populations. The Great Recession in 2009 dimmed employment prospects for the millennial generation around the world, leaving many unemployed or underemployed. Teens and young adults whose formal education ended with a high school diploma or less have suffered the most.
Professor of sociology Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson studies teenage and young adult employment in the U.S. In two recent studies she examined employment trends and how work experiences during the recession affected teens’ and young adults’ economic and career outlooks in the long … » More …Read Story
Policy evaluation and advancement
- Robust analytic and modeling strategies
- Democratization of information and digital access
- Global competition and its impact on the United States and world economies
- Media psychology and communication processes and effects
Equity for women in the workplace
Despite comparable levels of commitment, women don’t advance at the same rate as men
In the past 40 years, women have assumed a larger role in the U.S. workforce. While roughly two out of five women worked for pay in the early 1970s, almost three out of five do so today. But Julie Kmec, a Washington State University sociologist, has repeatedly seen how their roles, wages and mobility continue to differ dramatically from those of their male peers.
In a study of some 800 law firms, she found that a woman’s chance of promotion decreases as she advances. Nearly 40 percent of entry-level … » More …Read Story
- STEM education and educational pipelines
- Cultural studies in education
- Neuroscience and neuropsychology of education
- Community public health
- The role of technology in education
Raising Washington’s grade in math and science education
Researchers identify best practices in teaching STEM disciplines
Education in the STEM subjects— science, technology, engineering and mathematics—serves as a steppingstone to social and economic opportunity. How can teachers inspire interest in these disciplines and make the lessons stick?
More than 140 WSU researchers conduct collaborative STEM education research from early grades to graduate school. Their research focuses on “clinical education,” practical integration and application of knowledge to real-world educational settings. These scholars examine instruction at STEM-focused schools. They monitor outcomes to see how methods of instruction affect student learning. They strengthen understanding of best practices in teaching STEM disciplines.
Their efforts don’t stop there. … » More …Read Story
Ensuring access and achievement
Programs spur advances in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education
WSU Tri-Cities is emerging as a regional hub for K-12 STEM research, education, and outreach.
In the 2013/2014 fiscal year, one researcher received over $16 million in funding for programs to help students in educationally isolated rural schools in the inland northwest. GEAR UP, as one of the programs is called, reaches over 50 rural schools, giving middle-school and high-school students and their families guidance on how to prepare for college.Read Story
WSU works closely with its public and private sector partners who support research to advance equal opportunity. Among the university’s collaborators in the nation’s capitol are:
- National Institutes of Health
- National Science Foundation
- Department of Defense
- Department of Justice
- National Endowment for the Humanities
Affiliated institutes, centers, and programs
Academic and industry leaders applying innovative technologies and management tools to the challenges of global climate change and environmental sustainability
Fostering analysis of social, economic, racial and environmental justice issues and promoting human rights and conflict resolution at the local, national and global levels
A nonpartisan, cross-disciplinary center that advances the public’s understanding of democratic institutions, engages students in public service, and supports academic research to address society’s most vexing public policy challenges
Training future entrepreneurs how to move from an idea to sustainable realization in the marketplace
Over 100 WSU researchers conduct collaborative science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education research from early grades to graduate school, a vital aspect of social and economic opportunity. A key feature of this work is research that focuses on clinical education.
Studies factors related to success in work and learning environments, develops and evaluates statistical and methodological innovations, and provides evidence-based evaluations of program interventions
Providing high quality survey research services to the University, to citizens, and to policy makers nationwide
Increasing the retention, achievement, and graduation of students pursuing degrees in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines
Find out more about the University’s research pertaining to opportunity and equity.
Opportunity and Equity (pdf)