Smart and sustainable systems
Automating many aspects of our lives
You’ve heard of smart cars. How about smart homes, smart factories, smart farms, smart power grids, or smart cities? Smart-system applications work to increase safety, ease, and efficiency in practically every field.
Smart systems are based on networks of devices: sensors, actuators, controllers, communication tools, and computational and decision-making components. These devices gather information about your environment, then adapt to support the way you live or work.
WSU faculty researchers take these systems’ operation to the next level by developing new machine learning methods, innovative materials, and reliable sensor networks. They apply their innovations in many ways. For example, researchers in the Energy Systems Innovation Center work to raise the efficiency and security of the nation’s power system. Another study aims to build resiliency against coordinated cyber attacks.
Thanks to research advances, smart systems may help anticipate and manage uncertainties in your own life in years ahead.
- Next generation smart and sustainable buildings
- Transforming the U.S. power grid
- Enhancing performance and well-being in cities via digital technologies
- The Internet of Things
Harnessing technology to improve quality of life
New promise for solar energy
A breakthrough by WSU researcher Kelvin Lynn could help solar energy compete with fossil fuels for generating electricity.
Commercial success of solar technology has been constrained by the cells’ performance and cost. Key to addressing both concerns are the materials from which solar cells are made.
Seeking an alternative to silicon
Silicon solar cells represent 90 percent of the solar cell market. Because silicon is a costly material to use in manufacturing, it keeps the price of solar cells high. A low-cost alternative is cadmium telluride (CdTe), which outperforms silicon in real-world conditions, such as low light and hot, humid … » More …Read Story
Transforming the U.S. power grid
Automating electricity transfer across the state based on need
To harness renewable resources and mitigate power outages, America needs to evolve the “Smart Grid,” the computer-automated network that distributes electricity nationwide. WSU’s Energy System Innovation Center is answering the challenge.
The Center is part of the first regional effort to collect renewable energy and share it among buildings across the state. Development of energy-sharing capability will make power distribution more flexible and cost effective.
Smart distribution of electricity
The regional initiative demonstrates “transactive technology,” which uses a network of sensors, battery systems, and software to automatically adjust energy loads. Decisions to adjust are based on … » More …Read Story